The work of a welder

The work, in simple terms, consists of joining metal parts together using heat treatment. Due to the rapid growth of the industry, jobs can be found in a wide range of industries, including: 

  • metal industry, 
  • companies that repair transport infrastructure, 
  • car companies, 
  • companies that manufacture various types of machinery, 
  • shipyards, 
  • mining industry, 
  • construction sites. 

Educated welders are among the most sought-after employees on the labour market in Poland and abroad. 

Pros and cons of working as a welder 

Welding equipment

Being a welder has its advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of them: 


  • interesting challenges, 
  • attractive earnings, 
  • an ideal activity for those who value individual work, 
  • broadens the imagination and sharpens the artistic sense, 
  • the opportunity to work in different sectors. 


  • work that is hazardous to health and life, 
  • uncomfortable working conditions, 
  • the need to continuously improve their qualifications, 
  • This is often hard physical work. 

Who can become a welder? 

This profession can be carried out by a person who enjoys full health. Does not suffer from asthma, has no allergies, is physically fit and: 

  • graduated from a secondary technical school and have at least five years' professional experience or graduated from a higher technical school and have at least two years' professional experience, 
  • received a positive result in the qualification examination, 
  • is distinguished by his exceptional manual skills, 
  • has knowledge of the standards and rules applicable to technical supervision, 
  • is meticulous and patient. 


Sheet metal welding

The work of a welder carries a number of risks. These are mainly related to the possibility of: 

  • leading to a fire through the explosion of welding gases, 
  • deterioration of the welder's health due to inhalation of the smoke produced during welding, 
  • health deterioration caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation, 
  • the occurrence of back problems due to the need to carry heavy materials and tools, 
  • the negative impact of working for long periods in one position on the shoulders, arms, back and legs, 
  • the occurrence of burns, where hot fragments of metal can fly off when working with the material. 

Safety rules 

Welding work is particularly dangerous and therefore requires adequate preparation. More than 70 % injuries during the execution of duties arise from splinters and splatter. Failure to observe basic workplace safety rules puts the welder and third parties in close proximity at risk. 

The basic rules of behaviour to prevent accidents while working as a welder are: 

  • carrying out regular technical checks on gas cylinders and accessories, 
  • ensuring that both air conditioning and exhaust ventilation work well in the workplace, 
  • make sure that the electrical equipment is fully operational before starting work, 
  • remembering to take rest breaks, 
  • in order to avoid musculoskeletal problems, it is advisable to exercise during breaks, 
  • always wear protective clothing, special footwear and gloves, 
  • protect yourself during work by wearing protective goggles, shields and visors,  
  • take additional measures to prevent hearing and respiratory injuries. 

The most popular questions

Where can you work as a welder?

A welder can work on construction sites, in the metal industry, in companies that manufacture various machines, in car companies, shipyards, among others. 

What are the advantages of being a welder?

It is a job where there is no monotony, you can find employment in a variety of industries and the pay is attractive. 

What can be done to prevent accidents at work?

Safety rules must be observed. The main ones include regularly checking electrical appliances, gas cylinders and fittings, wearing protective clothing, taking rest breaks or ensuring adequate air conditioning and ventilation. 

What are the dangers when working as a welder?

Following safety rules minimises the risk of dangerous situations. However, fires and burns can occur, back problems due to working in one position or the deterioration of health caused by inhaling the smoke produced during welding. 

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